Composite filling (permanent tooth) I stage of caries

Caries is one of the most common diseases of the human oral cavity. The development of caries occurs in several stages, which indicate the degree of destruction of the teeth. At stage I of caries (carious spot), the tooth enamel changes its color. The peculiarity of this stage is that the enamel is still hard and smooth, but it is already beginning to break down. At this stage, caries is very easy to treat. It is now possible to prevent the further destruction of non-tooth enamel and the development of the disease.

  • How is caries treated?

    Caries treatment is quite long. Often, the patient does not pay attention to the damage to the enamel and the disease progresses to superficial carious damage to the enamel surface. Treatment of caries on teeth with surface destruction involves preparation followed by placement of a filling. During the procedure, the dentist uses special dyes to identify the affected areas on the enamel, and then removes them by drilling. Then the doctor selects the color of the composite filling material, close to natural teeth, and applies it layer by layer.

  • What is a composite seal?

    A composite filling is a filling that is made of polymer resin with the inclusion of quartz powder, which gives the filling additional strength and is necessary to isolate the sensitive tissues of the tooth and prevent microbes from entering the cavity. Such fillings are universal due to their good aesthetic qualities, they are installed both on frontal and lateral teeth. Composite material is used both for filling and for tooth restoration in aesthetic dentistry. The service life of a composite seal is 7 years.

  • There are the following types of composite seals:

    • light-cured (cured under the influence of the light of a special lamp);
    • acrylic-containing (especially strong and resistant to abrasion);
    • contain epoxy resin (especially resistant to abrasion, but may darken over time).

Composite filling (permanent tooth) I stage of caries

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If the dentist applies a light-curing filling, then each layer of the composite needs ultraviolet light to harden. When sealing with chemically hardened materials, a lamp is not needed, the seal hardens on its own. After that, the doctor grinds the seal, fitting it to the bite, forming physiological humps (fissures) on the surface of the teeth.