Measles

Measles

  • Age:
  • Vaccination of children aged 1 and 6 years

The vaccine and its manufacturer:
Vaccination against the disease:

Description of the disease

Measles is an infectious disease caused by an RNA virus that provokes inflammation of the upper and sometimes lower respiratory tract, has a characteristic small-point rash, possible complications from the nervous system. Adults, unlike children, tolerate measles harder.

  • Treatment

    Treatment is most often symptomatic: hygiene of the oral cavity, nose, eyes, plenty of drinking, antitussives and antihistamines (as needed). In case of severe forms, hospitalization is indicated.

  • Prevention

    Prevention is vaccination, which provides protection for 10 years.

  • Symptoms

    The incubation period is up to 2 weeks, after which symptoms appear:

    • General malaise, headache, loss of appetite
    • High temperature
    • Catarrhal phenomena of the nasopharynx and oropharynx, copious discharge from the nose
    • Bielsky-Filatov-Koplyk spots (on the mucous membrane of the cheeks, whitish spots are surrounded by a narrow red border)
    • Hoarseness of voice, barking cough, whistling breath
    • Swelling of the eyelids, conjunctivitis
    • Sometimes a reaction to light
    • A rash on the 3rd-4th day of the illness: the first day - the face, behind the ears, on the neck, the second - covers the body and arms, sometimes the hips, the third - completely on the legs, and the face becomes paler, the temperature decreases

  • Diagnostics

    Diagnosis - clinical picture, laboratory (virological) studies.